Transport - Shipping - International Trade

International Trade

Due to 20+years’ experience of the largest law firm in the Black Sea Region and high professional level of international lawyers, Interlegal provides a prompt and effective assistance to trade companies upon the issues related to obligations under sale contracts and relationship with carriers, freight forwarders and terminals.

What we do for you:
  • Provide a personal legal adviser for your trade contracts (GAFTA, FOSFA), available 24/7/365, supported by 50+ experts in various specializations in the 6 Black Sea Region offices;

  • Draft personal proformas of contracts and charter parties (including Bareboat Charters, Time Charters, Voyage Charters) for loss risk mitigation;

  • Prepare and analysis of sale-purchase contracts including on GAFTA and FOSFA proformas;

  • Negotiate with carriers, freight forwarders and terminals on non-payment, short delivery, wrong cargo delivery, delay in delivery, demurrage;

  • Claims handling upon non-payment, shortage, quality, demurrage, resulting in washout agreements, settlement agreements;

  • Legal support to purchase of fleet, machinery and other assets;

  • Inspecting counteragents from the Black Sea Region, due diligence of companies and assets;

  • Checking counteragents, companies and assets in Ukraine;

  • Negotiate with insurers of cargo and ship owners’ liability, cost recovery;

  • Consult upon the following issues:

    • Trade financing and letters of credit;
    • Obligation and settlement security (lien, surety, bank guarantee and insurance company’s guarantee);
    • Charter Party proformas (Gencon, Synacomex, Baltime etc.);
    • Demurrage and laycan, cargo shortage, wrong delivery and late delivery;
    • Customs formalities;
    • Force Majeure and export ban, International sanctions.
The demurrage begins with… A foreign Shipowner applied to Interlegal due to non-payment of demurrage by the Charterer, accrued in accordance with the Charter Party and applicable standard proforma GENCON 1976.
How to win LMAA arbitration and to save 500 thousand USD for the Client? The Client, cargo owner who incurred losses amounting to ca. 500,000 USD due to cargo deterioration during sea carriage, applied to Interlegal.
Quality dispute: How proper negotiations allow to keep the contract and commercial relations
How to save 194,000 USD and to gain friends? The Client, large international grain trader, used LegalCare program (i.e. legal support of GAFTA/FOSFA contracts) and applied to Interlegal for legal support of the contract on carriage of 25 thousand tons of wheat.

In case of any dispute or breach of your rights, we facilitate a pre-arbitral amicable settlement with 70% of successful result, without arbitration costs.

But in case of failure to settle the dispute, we defend your interests at the Ukrainian and foreign courts and international maritime arbitrations, such as GAFTA, FOSFA, LMAA etc.

Our international lawyers regularly win arbitration cases in favour of their Clients at GAFTA and FOSFA arbitration with the English law applied.

We also settle disputes, arising from the foreign economic contract performance, at the current arbitration institutes at the National Chambers of Commerce and Industry. We defend our Clients’ interests regularly at the International Commercial Arbitration Court at the Ukrainian Chamber of Commerce and Industry, the Maritime Arbitration Commission at the Ukrainian Chamber of Commerce and Industry and the Maritime Arbitration Commission at the Russian Chamber of Commerce and Industry.

  • International arbitration award enforcement with preliminary asset arrest

  • Cargo release from arrest at the sea port/terminal and on board of the vessel, including due to state authorities’ actions, jointly with facilitating departure to the destination port


One should agree that it is better to train staff by some others’ mistakes. In order to improve your personnel skills in sea carriage, contracts and charter parties, we hold training courses for traders, based on our case studies in Black Sea Region trade and logistics.

Interlegal lawyers are active members of special international trade associations.

Please read our articles about international trade practice. We have them written for many years – probably you will find below answers to the issues of concern for your business. Otherwise, you may contact our experts for assistance in your business.

  • Turkish authorities impose complete ban on Crimea traffic16.03.18 16.03.18

    On 06.10.2017, in the matter of “Principles of navigation in the regions of the Black Sea and the Crimea”, the Turkish government has issued a decision in order to prohibit vessels arriving from or calling at Crimea from visiting Turkish ports and, in this respect, all the Turkish ports, maritime/shipping agents, ship operators and shipowners were notified.more
  • Container carriage risks in today maritime trade23.11.17 23.11.17

    Today international maritime trade is one of the most popular business areas in Ukraine. International contracts are concluded every day, so the issues of their performance, in particular regarding goods transportation and delivery to the buyer often arise.more
  • Black Sea practice newsletter, April-June 201705.08.17 05.08.17

    Interlegal offers you an overview of the hot news from practice, with most useful information for the reporting period.more
  • Attachment of assets of non-residents during the enforcement of decisions and awards in Ukraine13.07.17 13.07.17

    Active participation in international trade envisages a variety of risks, on the most essential of which is the likelihood of non-performance of the contract by foreign counteragent. International arbitration is an effective method of resolution of disputes arising in international business; however, even if the claimant succeeds in arbitration, he still has before him a long and thorny way of implementation of the award.more
  • Black Sea practice newsletter, October-December 201623.01.17 23.01.17

    Interlegal offers you an overview of the hot news from practice, with most useful information for the reporting period.more
  • Caution: sanctions!21.12.16 21.12.16

    Today special sanctions are quite a serious institute of administrative governing foreign business entities and their foreign economic activity by the state. Similar intervention into the company business is not always lawful and is usually based on hasty making a decision under the principle “first sanctions, then consideration” which is certainly inadmissible.more
  • Newsletter, July-September01.10.16 01.10.16

    Interlegal offers you an overview of the hot news and publications, with most useful information for the reporting period.more
  • How to turn an arbitral award into recovery of damages: experience of successful recognition of the arbitral award in Georgia28.11.16 28.11.16

    One of the most frequently asked questions by the Clients who intend to refer the case for consideration of arbitration is: how to convert the arbitral award into real money? Recognition and enforcement of arbitral award is indeed a quite a complicated mechanism involving application of both national and international law. Sometimes, differences in domestic legislation in the country, where the award is supposed to be enforced, and the governing law of the contract, in respect of which...more
  • Interlegal LegalCare for the trader: calm in a few cents per ton of cargo20.09.16 20.09.16

    For several years we help our Clients to perform commercial contracts by means of Interlegal LegalCare program – a system of legal support of GAFTA/FOSFA contracts on FOB, СIF, СFR terms of supply for a fixed subscriber’s feemore
  • Interim measures in the process of enforcement of foreign judgments and arbitral awards in Ukraine10.04.16 10.04.16

    Participation in international trade carries a number of risks, the main among which is to ensure the proper fulfillment by non-resident counterparties of their commitments.Often, to resolve the dispute and protect their legitimate interests the creditors have to apply to international commercial arbitration or foreign court. However...more

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