Transport - Shipping - International Trade

International Trade

Due to 20+year experience of the largest law firm in the Black Sea Region and high professional level of international lawyers, Interlegal provides prompt and effective assistance to trade companies upon the issues related to obligations under sale contracts and relationship with carriers, freight forwarders and terminals.

What our international trade lawyers will do for you:

  • Provide a personal legal adviser for your trade contracts (GAFTA, FOSFA), available 24/7/365, supported by 50+ experts in various specializations in the 6 Black Sea Region offices;

  • Draft personal proformas of contracts and charter parties (including Bareboat Charters, Time Charters, Voyage Charters) for loss risk mitigation;

  • Prepare and analyze  sale & purchase contracts including on GAFTA and FOSFA proformas;

  • Negotiate with carriers, freight forwarders and terminals on non-payment, short delivery, wrong cargo delivery, delay in delivery, demurrage;

  • Claims handling upon non-payment, shortage, quality, demurrage, resulting in washout agreements, settlement agreements;

  • Legal support to purchase of fleet, machinery, and other assets;

  • Inspecting counteragents from the Black Sea Region, due diligence of companies and assets;

  • Checking counteragents, companies, and assets in Ukraine;

  • Negotiate with insurers of cargo and shipowners’ liability, cost recovery;

  • Consulting upon the following issues:

    • Trade financing and letters of credit;
    • Obligation and settlement security (lien, surety, bank guarantee and insurance company’s guarantee);
    • Charter Party proformas (Gencon, Synacomex, Baltime, etc.);
    • Demurrage and laycan, cargo shortage, wrong delivery and late delivery;
    • Customs formalities;
    • Force Majeure and export ban, International sanctions.
The demurrage begins with… A foreign Shipowner applied to Interlegal due to non-payment of demurrage by the Charterer, accrued in accordance with the Charter Party and applicable standard proforma GENCON 1976.
How to win LMAA arbitration and to save 500 thousand USD for the Client? The Client, cargo owner who incurred losses amounting to ca. 500,000 USD due to cargo deterioration during sea carriage, applied to Interlegal.
Quality dispute: How proper negotiations allow to keep the contract and commercial relations
How to save 194,000 USD and to gain friends? The Client, a large international grain trader, used the LegalCare program (i.e. legal support of GAFTA/FOSFA contracts) and applied to Interlegal for legal support of the contract on the carriage of 25 thousand tons of wheat.

In case of any dispute or breach of your rights, we facilitate a pre-arbitral amicable settlement with 70% of a successful result, without arbitration costs.

But in case of failure to settle the dispute, we defend your interests at the Ukrainian and foreign courts and international maritime arbitrations, such as GAFTA, FOSFA, LMAA, etc.

Our international lawyers regularly win arbitration cases in favor of their Clients at GAFTA and FOSFA arbitration with the English law applied.

We also settle disputes, arising from the foreign economic contract performance, at the current arbitration institutes at the National Chambers of Commerce and Industry. We defend our Clients’ interests regularly at the International Commercial Arbitration Court at the Ukrainian Chamber of Commerce and Industry, the Maritime Arbitration Commission at the Ukrainian Chamber of Commerce and Industry.

  • International arbitration award enforcement with preliminary asset arrest

  • Cargo release from arrest at the seaport/terminal and on board of the vessel, including due to state authorities’ actions, jointly with facilitating departure to the destination port


One should agree that it is better to train staff by some others’ mistakes. In order to improve your personnel skills in sea carriage, contracts and charter parties, we hold training courses for traders, based on our case studies in Black Sea Region trade and logistics.

Interlegal lawyers are active members of special international trade associations.

Please read our articles about international trade practice. We have them written for many years – probably you will find below answers to the issues of concern for your business. Otherwise, you may contact our experts for assistance in your business.

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