Transport - Shipping - International Trade

International Trade

Due to 20+years’ experience of the largest law firm in the Black Sea Region and high professional level of international lawyers, Interlegal provides prompt and effective assistance to trade companies upon the issues related to obligations under sale contracts and relationships with carriers, freight forwarders and terminals.

What our international trade lawyers will do for you:

  • Provide a personal legal adviser for your trade contracts (GAFTA, FOSFA), available 24/7/365, supported by 50+ experts in various specializations in the 6 Black Sea Region offices;

  • Draft personal proformas of contracts and charter parties (including Bareboat Charters, Time Charters, Voyage Charters) for loss risk mitigation;

  • Prepare and analysis of sale-purchase contracts including on GAFTA and FOSFA proformas;

  • Negotiate with carriers, freight forwarders and terminals on non-payment, short delivery, wrong cargo delivery, delay in delivery, demurrage;

  • Claims handling upon non-payment, shortage, quality, demurrage, resulting in washout agreements, settlement agreements;

  • Legal support to purchase of fleet, machinery, and other assets;

  • Inspecting counteragents from the Black Sea Region, due diligence of companies and assets;

  • Checking counteragents, companies, and assets in Ukraine;

  • Negotiate with insurers of cargo and shipowners’ liability, cost recovery;

  • Consult upon the following issues:

    • Trade financing and letters of credit;
    • Obligation and settlement security (lien, surety, bank guarantee and insurance company’s guarantee);
    • Charter Party proformas (Gencon, Synacomex, Baltime, etc.);
    • Demurrage and laycan, cargo shortage, wrong delivery and late delivery;
    • Customs formalities;
    • Force Majeure and export ban, International sanctions.
The demurrage begins with… A foreign Shipowner applied to Interlegal due to non-payment of demurrage by the Charterer, accrued in accordance with the Charter Party and applicable standard proforma GENCON 1976.
How to win LMAA arbitration and to save 500 thousand USD for the Client? The Client, cargo owner who incurred losses amounting to ca. 500,000 USD due to cargo deterioration during sea carriage, applied to Interlegal.
Quality dispute: How proper negotiations allow to keep the contract and commercial relations
How to save 194,000 USD and to gain friends? The Client, a large international grain trader, used the LegalCare program (i.e. legal support of GAFTA/FOSFA contracts) and applied to Interlegal for legal support of the contract on the carriage of 25 thousand tons of wheat.

In case of any dispute or breach of your rights, we facilitate a pre-arbitral amicable settlement with 70% of a successful result, without arbitration costs.

But in case of failure to settle the dispute, we defend your interests at the Ukrainian and foreign courts and international maritime arbitrations, such as GAFTA, FOSFA, LMAA, etc.

Our international lawyers regularly win arbitration cases in favor of their Clients at GAFTA and FOSFA arbitration with the English law applied.

We also settle disputes, arising from the foreign economic contract performance, at the current arbitration institutes at the National Chambers of Commerce and Industry. We defend our Clients’ interests regularly at the International Commercial Arbitration Court at the Ukrainian Chamber of Commerce and Industry, the Maritime Arbitration Commission at the Ukrainian Chamber of Commerce and Industry and the Maritime Arbitration Commission at the Russian Chamber of Commerce and Industry.

  • International arbitration award enforcement with preliminary asset arrest

  • Cargo release from arrest at the seaport/terminal and on board of the vessel, including due to state authorities’ actions, jointly with facilitating departure to the destination port


One should agree that it is better to train staff by some others’ mistakes. In order to improve your personnel skills in sea carriage, contracts and charter parties, we hold training courses for traders, based on our case studies in Black Sea Region trade and logistics.

Interlegal lawyers are active members of special international trade associations.

Please read our articles about international trade practice. We have them written for many years – probably you will find below answers to the issues of concern for your business. Otherwise, you may contact our experts for assistance in your business.

  • Transport, Shipping & Port News Bulletin by Interlegal02.03.21 02.03.21
    Grain price trends and surplus of grain hoppersmore
  • A victim of fraud: how to avoid it?23.11.20 23.11.20
    Fraud is one of the worst problems for any businessman, since the incurred net loss should be reimbursed, funds should be either invested in turnover or paid in favor of other counteragents within the chain of commercial scheme.more
    In accordance with international practice, most contracts on sale and purchase of raw commodities are governed by English law. To a large extent, it applies to contracts whereunder Ukrainian agricultural products are exported to foreign markets, in particular to China.more
  • Recourse and subrogation in Ukraine: what should be taken into account?30.10.20 30.10.20
    Cargo or carrier’s liability insurance is a concept actively practiced in Ukraine for a long time. However, we cannot be sure that regulation of insurance at the legislative level of Ukraine is sufficient.more
  • FOB delivery of goods without bearing risks13.10.20 13.10.20
    Recently, a large international buyer of metal products applied to Interlegal lawyers for audit of the proposed delivery scheme and for mitigation of appropriate economic and fiscal risks. At the Client’s request, Interlegal experts analyzed the risks of product supply on FOB terms in compliance with Incoterms 2020. Hereby we provide an extract from the legal opinion.more
  • Crop receipts: Ukrainian experience22.05.20 22.05.20
    Due to high-quality soils and large scope of arable lands, Ukraine is a leader in the top ratings of global agricultural product exporters.more
  • How to open permanent representative office in Ukraine: step-by-step guide20.05.20 20.05.20
    Ukraine is quite a young country, with small and medium business on the rise.more
  • Due diligence of a company in Ukraine25.11.19 25.11.19
    Due diligence of a Ukrainian company may be carried out for various purposes and can be either simplified (i.e. in order to verify the counterparty under business contracts) or more complex (i.e. in order to verify the company before acquiring its corporate rights, shares).more
  • Quality dispute: How proper negotiations allow to keep the contract and commercial relations06.08.19 06.08.19
    Interlegal represented the buyer under CIF contract for sale of seeds, governed by FOSFA Contract No. 11 – according to the quality certificate provided by the seller, the Goods appeared to be contaminated by alive insects, despite the fact that contractual quality specification directly provided for absence of alive insects.more
  • In the wake of Agroinvestgroup24.02.19 24.02.19
    Grain trade has a lot of surprises (delays, non-deliveries, questions upon goods quality etc.), but the Ukrainian traders has been coping with such difficulties for a long time on a professional level. But one day the largest market players faced a serious problem, named Agroinvestgroup default.more

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